Health & vaccinations

Vaccinations

There are no mandatory vaccinations for travelers from Germany coming to Sri Lanka.

Standard vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), influenza and pneumococcus are recommended.

Vaccinations against Hepatitis A are generally recommended for travelers, in case of long-term stays or special endangerment vaccinations against Hepatitis B, rabies, typhoid and Japanese Encephalitis are additionally recommended.

Mosquito repellent

Mosquito repellent should not be neglected.

We recommend:

  • long, light-colored outdoor clothing, impregnated to repel insects,
  • Rub all skin surfaces with a suitable repellent and
  • use impregnated mosquito nets during the night or
  • stay in rooms protected from mosquitoes (fly screens, air conditioners)

Possible diseases in Sri Lanka

transmitted by mosquitoes:

Dengue fever

Sri Lanka experienced a strong outbreak of dengue fever in mid-2017. The number of people infected was particularly high in the western parts of the country around the capital. Ever since, there have been no major outbreaks.

Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of diurnal mosquitoes.

Symptoms include fever, headaches, aching limbs and a skin rash. The symptoms are similar to those of influenza. There is no vaccination against or effective medication for dengue viruses.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya infections are also transmitted by diurnal mosquitoes and can occur at the same time as dengue in the corresponding regions.

Japanese encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain caused by viruses, is transmitted by nocturnal mosquitoes. Pigs and waterfowl are often infected with the virus without getting sick themselves. Humans rarely get infected, but the progression of the disease is often severe and leaves permanent damage or ends fatally. There are no effective drugs against the JE viruses.

Malaria

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Sri Lanka “malaria-free” in September 2016.

other:

Diarrheal and intestinal diseases

As in many southern/tropical countries, diarrheal diseases are common year-round, caused by the quality of the water, among other things. The tap water does not meet drinking water quality standards, which is why it should only be used boiled or filtered.

Otherwise, you should make sure to only consume drinks from bottles and cans in their original packaging.

Only purified drinking water should be used for washing fruit or brushing your teeth. In addition, no raw, uncooked or unpeeled products should be consumed. Make sure that meat, fish and seafood are well cooked.

To reduce the risk of infection, general hygiene measures such as washing or disinfecting your hands regularly before eating are beneficial.

Rabies

Rabies is a regularly fatal infectious disease caused by viruses transmitted by the saliva of infected animals or humans. Since there are many street dogs and other wild animals in Sri Lanka, the preventive vaccination against rabies is important. You should not do without this reliable protection, even if the probability of getting infected with rabies is rather low.

Geographical and climatic diseases

The intensity of the solar radiation due to the location of the tropical island is often extremely underestimated. It is, therefore, essential to ensure adequate protection from the sun and a sufficient fluid intake.

It is best to get personal advice from a tropical medical counselling center, a tropical medicine specialist or a travel medicine specialist before your trip and to adjust your vaccine protection, even if you already have experience with trips to the tropics (see e.g.: www.dtg.org or: www.frm-web.de).

Please note that we cannot assume any liability for the accuracy and completeness of the medical information or for any damage that may occur. You are responsible for your own health. The given information is intended as a rough guide and only valid when directly entering from Germany without pre-existing conditions.

More information on health and vaccinations can also be found here:

https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/de/aussenpolitik/laender/srilanka-node/srilankasicherheit/212254#content_0

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